‘How can I use TIP Model to plan ICT-enriched lessons during professional experience?’ ‘How can I involve integrating technology in teaching Prep?’ Going through the five phases of TIP Model before and after teaching a Mathematics lesson, I gained a better understanding of how to use ICT in teaching effectively.

- Decide on objectives and assessment:
- What advantage does ICT give?: Using ICT to teach the chosen content descriptors to engage students in the lesson. Students gave their attention to the lesson content when I used an educational video clip to introduce ‘addition’ to them.
- Design ICT integration strategies: I also used an online test to transform students’ learning. Students would watch the questions on the screen then write their correct answer on a white board. The number of correct answers would reflect students’ understanding relating to the lesson taught.
- Organize learning environment to enable strategies to work: I used an interactive white board connected to a laptop to deliver the ICT-enriched lesson. The content of YouTube educational video clips used to expand students’ understanding of addition was checked by mentor teacher before using.
- Reflection: What worked well and what needed to improve? Writing a reflection after teaching the lesson, and receiving feedback from mentor teacher, I realized that I need to focus on behaviour management and the lesson’s duration. (Some students behaved inappropriately during the lesson such as talking, and imitating the way I spoke. The lesson lasted for 1 hour instead of 30 minutes). This last stage helped me as a preservice teacher to learn from the mistakes made to improve for the next lesson.

Technology Integration Planning (TIP) Model (Roblyer, 2003).

**References**

Roblyer, M.D. (2006). *Integrating educational technology into teaching.* Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

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