TIP Model

‘How can I use TIP Model to plan ICT-enriched lessons during professional experience?’ ‘How can I involve integrating technology in teaching Prep?’ Going through the five phases of TIP Model before and after teaching a Mathematics lesson, I gained a better understanding of how to use ICT in teaching effectively.

  1. Decide on objectives and assessment:
  2. What advantage does ICT give?: Using ICT to teach the chosen content descriptors to engage students in the lesson. Students gave their attention to the lesson content when I used an educational video clip to introduce ‘addition’ to them.
  3. Design ICT integration strategies:  I also used an online test to transform students’ learning. Students would watch the questions on the screen then write their correct answer on a white board. The number of correct answers would reflect students’ understanding relating to the lesson taught.
  4. Organize learning environment to enable strategies to work: I used an interactive white board connected to a laptop to deliver the ICT-enriched lesson. The content of YouTube educational video clips used to expand students’ understanding of addition was checked by mentor teacher before using.
  5. Reflection: What worked well and what needed to improve? Writing a reflection after teaching the lesson, and receiving feedback from mentor teacher, I realized that I need to focus on behaviour management and the lesson’s duration. (Some students behaved inappropriately during the lesson such as talking, and imitating the way I spoke. The lesson lasted for 1 hour instead of 30 minutes). This last stage helped me as a preservice teacher to learn from the mistakes made to improve for the next lesson.


Technology Integration Planning (TIP) Model (Roblyer, 2003).


Roblyer, M.D. (2006). Integrating educational technology into teaching. Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.



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