RAT model

This week I have learnt about the RAT  model  (Hughes, Thomas & Scharber, 2006) using ICT in teaching, learning and curricular practices. RAT is short for Replacement, Amplification and Transformation.  When technology serves as a digital means to same instructional practices, the Replacement happens. Also, technology increases efficiency, effectiveness and productivity of same instructional practices, then plays as Amplification. Technology provides Transformation because it invents new instruction, learning, or curricula.

When teachers apply ICT in teaching and learning in educational practice, they embed ICT into three dimensions (dimensions of instruction, dimensions of students’ learning processes, and dimensions of curriculum goals) (Hugles, n.d) .

This model helps teachers, and pre-service teachers see how technology used connects to the subject matter content. This course has helped me know about the RAT model which was previous unknown to me. The explanation of the meaning of each letter in RAT model as well as applying it when teaching a subject helped me gain a better understanding of its use and application of ICTs when planning learning experiences. When planning the learning activities, I asked myself questions such as how do I use ICTs to implement Replacement, Amplification or Transformation of the RAT model to support students learn effectively, and what do I need to change ?



Hughes, J., Thomas, R., & Scharber, C. (2006). Assessing Technology Integration: The RAT – Replacement, Amplification, and Transformation – Framework. Paper presented at the Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2006, Orlando, Florida, USA. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/22293.

Hughes, J (n.d). R.A.T. Model. Retrieved from http://techedges.org/r-a-t-model/.


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